June 25, 2014
California Court Denies Claims that Deficiencies Rendered any Security Interest in the Deed of Trust Invalid
The court in deciding Sollenne v. United States Bank Nat’l Ass’n, 2013 U.S. Dist. (S.D. Cal., 2013) ultimately found that the plaintiffs’ claims premised upon the securitization of the loan and violations of the PSA were to be dismissed. The court also found that the plaintiffs could not require the defendants to take any actions to prove their authority unless such factual allegations are presented.
Plaintiffs alleged three causes of action: 1) quiet title; 2) declaratory relief to determine the validity of the deed of trust on the date the note was assigned and to determine if any defendant has authority to foreclose; and 3) injunctive relief to stop further collection activity, including the sale of the property. Plaintiffs’ desired remedies also included a request for an order compelling the defendants to transfer or release legal title and any alleged encumbrances, and possession of the property to plaintiffs.
Plaintiffs also alleged that the procedures in the pooling and services agreement (PSA) for the trust had not been followed. They alleged that the note and the mortgage, the debt or obligation evidenced by the note and deed of trust were not properly assigned and transferred from CMG (the originator) to USBNA (the trustee of the Trust) in accordance with the PSA. Plaintiffs claimed the PSA was violated by a failure to complete the assignment before the closing date, and a failure to provide a complete and unbroken chain of transfers and assignments. Plaintiffs claimed that no perfected chain of title exists transferring the mortgage loan from CMG to the Trust.
In the alternative, Plaintiffs claimed that Nationstar alleged to be the holder and owner of the note and beneficiary of the deed of trust, but that the note identified the originator as the holder, and there is no perfected chain of title between CMG and Nationstar. Plaintiffs claimed that no documents or records have been produced to demonstrate the note or deed of trust was properly transferred prior to the closing date, and that any documents transferring it after the closing date are void under the PSA.
Plaintiffs listed the following deficiencies which they contended render invalid any security interest in the deed of trust: 1) the separation of title, ownership and interest in the note and deed of trust; 2) the lack of assignments to or from the intervening entities when the loan was sold; 3) the failure to assign and transfer the beneficial interest in the DOT to Defendants in accordance with the PSA; 4) the failure to endorse, assign, and transfer the note to USBNA in accordance with the PSA and California law; 5) that there were no assignments of beneficiary or endorsements of the note to each intervening entity; and 6) Defendants violated terms of the PSA.
Ultimately, the court determined that the plaintiffs’ claims premised upon the securitization of the loan and violations of the PSA were to be dismissed. The court also found that the plaintiffs could not require the defendants to take any actions to prove their authority unless such factual allegations were presented.| Permalink